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Apache Struts is a free, open-source framework for creating elegant, enterprise-ready Java web applications. It favors convention over configuration, is extensible using a plugin architecture, and ships with plugins to support REST, AJAX, and JSON.

Apache Struts uses and extends the Java Servlet API to encourage developers to adopt a model-view-controller (MVC) architecture, in which each architectural component is built to handle a specific development aspect of an application.

The framework documentation is written for active web developers and assumes a working knowledge of the way Java web applications are built, including an understanding of several key technologies:

  • HTTP and HTML
  • The HTTP Request/Response Cycle
  • The Java Language and Application Frameworks
  • JavaScript, AJAX, and SOAP
  • Properties Files and Resource Bundles
  • Servlets, Filters, and Web Containers
  • Sessions
  • JavaServer Pages and JSP Tag Libraries
  • Extensible Markup Language (XML)
  • JAAS
  • Model View Controller


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